LAST UPDATED: January 11th, 2021
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Welding machines are not the sole property of professionals anymore; nowadays, people can perform welding in their homes to get their steel or other iron-made stuff done. It doesn’t occupy a significant area; it’s compact, cheaper, and has so many options.
Flux-core, MIG, TIG, Arc, or Stick, any kind of welding becomes easy as pie. In the vast options, the first question that arises in a DIYer’s mind is how to choose the best welder for home use. Well, it depends on metal type, weather type, and the welding type.
Please scroll down to know more…
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HOW TO CHOOSE A BEST WELDER FOR HOME-USE: ELABORATELY EXPLAINED
Having a huge budget is always a great thing, but when proper pieces of knowledge get added to it, your buying style becomes more efficient, cost-effective, and above all, it makes sense.
Before buying a welding machine, there are many considerations like your task type, welding method, metal type, compatibilities between metal type and welding method, advice on material thickness for your projects, and weather.
To get some useful tips about welding, you can visit WeldingHubs. They are doing a great job in this field. They are providing all kinds of information a professional or DIYer welder needs to know. OK! Let’s begin our discussion.
Dear DIYers, if your task is making small furniture for your house or things like that, you should go for the flux method or stick method. Minimum 90 amps is needed to get it done. If your workpiece is copper, Chromoly, or brass, the TIG is the perfect method. Your task type defines your welder
Standard methods of welding are described below,
ARC or STICK METHOD
Arc welding is the process by which an arc is created between an electrode and a working object during welding to bring the object into a completely molten state. The rod-shaped electrode strikes and creates an arc; the rod gets melted and connects the piece.
The main problem with this task is, it’s messy, you need to spend some extra time cleaning. Another thing is it needs a good skill before performing. Buy some metal pieces, practice first, and then go for the arc method.
You can work in windy weather. It doesn’t matter if your workpiece is rusty or dirty. Working on thick metal doesn’t decrease its quality.
This method is easy. The machine for flux core welding is not costly. The first thing about this machine is a reel of metal wire, which is fit in a motor. The arc gun is connected to that metal wire reel using a hollow tube. This tube contains a material, and it’s called flux.
During the welding, the flux melts and creates gaseous-shields around the welding area. Working on rusty, dirty metal doesn’t compromise the quality. You can weld vertically or over the head position. The deposition rate is higher.
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MIG stands for Metal Inert Gas. In this method, you have the option for determining the speed limit. A welding electrode forms a reel. The reel stays inside the machine, and the arc melts the wire, which makes a joint with the base. It is a bit messy and doesn’t need much cleaning.
It’s a super easy process. Working becomes pretty fast and works well on thinner metal.
TIG stands for Tungsten Inert Gas. It means gaseous tungsten arc welding. In this welding process, a non-consumable tungsten electrode is used to do welding. The gas comes from an attached cylinder, and it shields the electrode.
Typically, you can’t apply this process while working with aluminum. Working on aluminum using the TIG method needs more power and useful skill.
You need to be careful about the heat level of your workpiece. To control that, these machines come with a heat controller. One can control it with his foot or press a button using a thumb on the torch.
It gives exact, nice weld beads.
There are many types of metal, steel, stainless steel, cast iron, brass, Chromoly, copper, aluminum alloys, and others like magnesium, titanium, etc.
Different types require diverse methods of welding approach.
DIFFERENT METHOD FOR DIFFERENT METAL
You may choose MIG, TIG, or Stick method when it comes to steel or stainless steel. There is no obstacle. Aluminum alloys workpiece doesn’t go with the Stick method, but a MIG or TIG method is the right choice.
Cast iron does the opposite of aluminum alloys as it’s compatible with the stick process. You can’t apply the MIG or TIG process on it. The rest of the metal like Chromoly, brass, copper, titanium, and magnesium have the only compatibility with the TIG method.
REQUIRED MATERIAL THICKNESS FOR YOUR PROJECT
What is your project? Fencing? Autobody? Landscape, farm, or ranch? Which one? Your project defines what kind of welder you need to buy. Different projects go with different-level of metal thickness.
If your future project is trailer frames or fencing, an average metal thickness should be in the range from ¼ inch to 5/16 inch.
If you are doing farm, landscape, or ranch, the metal thickness should be 5/16 inch to 3/8 inch.
For thick structural equipment, the metal thickness should cross at least 3/8 inch. Auto body welding needs a maximum of 3/16 inch or lesser. However, for bicycle, tube frames, or lawnmower, the 1/16-inch metal thickness is enough.
For utility trailers or hunting stands, 1/16 inch to 1/8-inch range is compatible. This list can go on. Gradually you will get the idea about how much metal thickness you need to perform your project.
We have talked about task type, methods, metal thickness, and everything you need to know before you go out to buy your welding machine. I hope the “how to choose a best welder for home use” question won’t confuse you anymore. You have your guidelines, just follow them, and reach your desired welding machine.